Abductor Hallucis Muscle Strain
The abductor hallucis muscle lies along the inside border of the foot, next to the heel bone. Abductor hallucis muscle originates from the inside border if the heel bone (calcaneus) and inserts on the side of the big toe (hallux). The muscle serves to move the big toe away from the other toes. Abductor hallucis muscle strain is commonly misdiagnosed as plantar fasciitis as the cause for heel pain.
What are the causes of Abductor Hallucis Strain?
- Flatfoot (over pronated foot)
- Trauma to the area
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Abductor Hallucis Strain?
- Pain along the inside arch of the foot
- pain along the inside margin of the heel
- Pain and tenderness when pressing along the course of abductor hallucis muscle or tendon
Treatment of Abductor Hallucis Muscle Strain
- Apply ice to the area (10 -15 minutes for every 1 hour)
- Tape the foot to take off the strain of the arch area (Low-Dye Taping)
- Wear orthotics (insoles) to support arch and prevent over pronation of the foot
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as Ibuprofen (Consult your physician before taking any medication)
- Physical therapy can help with treatment of abductor hallucis muscle strain
- Topical pain relieving gel