Toenail Fungus Overview
Fungal nail infection (onychomycosis) is a common foot condition that affects people of all ages. It is commonly seen in older individuals or in individuals who have decreased immune system.
Fungi are a group of organism that like to live in dark, warm, moist areas and fungal skin infection (Tinea Pedis) is known to be a predisposing factor to fungal nail infection.
You may see:
- White, yellow or brown discoloration under the nail plate
- Nail plate may be discolored
- Nail plate may be thickened
- May have debris build up under the nail plate
- Nail plate may be brittle, flaky and have crumbling edges
- As the nail becomes thicker, it may become painful with shoe gear
Causes of Toenail Fungus:
A fungus that belongs to a group of fungi called dermatophytes typically causes fungal nails infections.
Conservative Treatment of fungal nail infection:
- Over the counter or prescription topical medications (solutions, cream)
- Laser nail treatment (in office treatment)
- Anti fungal medications by mouth
Surgical Treatment of Toenail Fungus:
Rarely invasive / surgical intervention is indicated for fungal nail infection. Surgical treatment / removal of nail plates are usually reserved for painful / symptomatic fungal toenails.