What is Bursitis?
A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac found near a joint or tendon. The function of a bursa is to protect the area from pressure or friction. Bursitis is an inflammation of the small fluid-filled sac. Usually, a bursa can become inflamed because of constant pressure and friction from footwear. Common areas of bursitis in the foot is over a bunion, tailors bunion (bunionette), back of the heel (retrocalcaneal bursitis) or under the heel bone (infracalcaneal bursitis).
What are Symptoms of Bursitis?
- Localized pain and swelling
- Localized redness
How is Bursitis Diagnosed?
- Bursitis is usually diagnosed by palpation and range of motion of the affected area.
- If bursitis has been chronic, X-ray may show localized calcification in the bursa
- Although unnecessary, MRI can also be used as a diagnostic study.
How is Bursitis Treated?
Treatment of bursitis may include:
- Ice the affected area
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Ibuprofen
- Padding the affected area to prevent pressure and friction on the area
- Corticosteroid injection may be used to help reduce pain and inflammation
- If conservative treatment fails, surgery may be needed to address the problem